Straipsnis Humaniški jaunesniojo mokyklinio amžiaus vaikų ir tėvų tarpusavio santykiai

Humane Relations between Young Schoolchildren and their Parents

  • Bibliographic Description: Rolandas Jančiauskas, „Humaniški jaunesniojo mokyklinio amžiaus vaikų ir tėvų tarpusavio santykiai“, @eitis (lt), 2019, t. 1 322, ISSN 2424-421X.
  • Previous Edition: Rolandas Jančiauskas, „Humaniški jaunesniojo mokyklinio amžiaus vaikų ir tėvų tarpusavio santykiai“, Sporto mokslas, 2016, nr. 1 (83), p. 14–22, ISSN 1392-1401.
  • Institutional Affiliation: Klaipėdos universitetas.

Summary. This article presents theoretical overview of the humanistic education features of the younger school-aged children, analyses humanistic parent–child relationships and their influence on children’s behavior in the physical education class. Family is the most important micro-environment of the child that significantly influences his or her personality development, depends on parent-child interactions and plays an important role in formation of the children’s humanistic behavior. Therefore, it is important in the physical education class to look for the ways to effectively continue younger school age children’s humanistic education started by their parents.

Aim of the research was to study humanistic parent–child interactions of the younger school-aged children. The following methods were used in this research: method of theoretical analysis; survey; educational experiment; and mathematical statistics. Organization of the research: by the method of anonymous survey, humanistic parent-child interactions of the younger school-aged children and their influence on the children’s behavior in physical education class were researched. The sample was randomly selected, thus every school was given a certain probability, not equal to zero, to become a part of it; the representative sample was formed by the method of random selection. Therefore, a list of schools in Klaipėda was compiled and every third school was randomly selected. Consequently, two schools in Klaipėda were selected. Using the same methodology, in the aforementioned schools a group E and a group K of respondents were selected. 163 pupils from two schools in Klaipėda participated in the educational experiment. There were two homogeneous research groups formed. The Experimental (E) group consisted of 81 child and the Control (C) group consisted of 82 children. During the research the parents and children of two Klaipėda schools were surveyed. The children’s questionnaire contained 16 questions and their parents’ questionnaire contained 11 questions. The educational experiment based on our Younger School-Aged Children’s Humanistic Education in the Physical Education Program was implemented by the teachers of the group E. The teachers of the group E took part in preparation of the program, introduced the children’s parents to the program and in physical education class taught the children humanistic behavior.

Summarizing the results of humanistic parent-child interaction research, it was determined that upon the educational experiment parents of the group E children had become more sensitive and responsive, listened more to their children, more often tried to make them happy, more often comforted them and offered their help. Parents’ efforts to be honest, acknowledge their mistakes, keep their word had a positive influence on children’s sensitivity, openness and responsibility in dealing with others that had led the children to the resolve of behaving in a more humanistic way, their humanistic behavior in the family and in the physical education class. The children raised following humanistic values, tended to behave in a more humanistic way in the physical education class.

Keywords: younger school-aged children, parents, interactions, humanistic education.